The present focus of the CONICAL library of C++ classes is compartmental modeling. A model neuron is built out of compartments, usually with a cylindrical shape. When small enough, these open-ended cylinders can approximate nearly any geometry, just as the stack of cylinders approximates a cone in the logo above.
While any compartment has passive electrical properties (like a simple resistor-capacitor circuit), more interesting properties require the use of active ion channels whose conductance varies as a function of the time or membrane voltage. A standard Hodgkin-Huxley ion channel is included as one of the built-in CONICAL object types. Most of the voltage-gated ion channels in the literature can be directly implemented merely by setting the parameters of this class. For extensibility, this class is derived from several layers of more general classes.
Connections between neurons can be implemented in several ways. For a gap junction (i.e., simple electrical connection), a passive current (or pair of currents, one in each direction) can be used. Synapses are more complex objects, but used in a similar fashion. The Alpha-function synapse is a very popular model of synaptic transmission, and is a basic CONICAL class. More complex (and realistic) synapses can be built using the Markov-model synapse. (A Markov model can be used on its own for other purposes as well.)
In addition to classes directly related to neural modeling, CONICAL contains several other useful object types. These include a current injector, and a column-oriented output stream for storing data in table form.
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